Student Achievement

Metrics to Document Student Achievement

Larkin University identifies, evaluates, and publishes goals and outcomes for student achievement, appropriate to the University mission, the nature of the students it serves, and the kinds of programs offered. The University  has identified six measures to document student success. The six measures are:

1) On-time graduation rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
2) Maximum-time graduation rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
3) Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
4) Enrollment
5) Diversity of student body
6) Placement

Larkin University publishes its student achievement measures, thresholds of accountability, achievement goals, and performance on its website
www.ularkin.org. This information is publicly available and updated annually.

#1. On-time graduation rate

The on-time graduation rate is calculated taking into account all students that were supposed to graduate in the specific academic year at the time they enrolled at LU.
This means the percentage of students that did not graduate on time could have either left the program earlier for personal reasons, have been dismissed from the program or might be still continuing the program aiming for graduation in the program specific maximum allowed time.

The threshold of acceptability for this measure is 76% for LU as a whole and for the
individual ethnicity groups. This threshold of concern have been identified by LU
Administration taking into account literature research published for health professions and
individual ethnic groups and the criteria set forth by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Hereby LU takes into account the demographics of its student population and results from peer institutions.

Should the University on-time graduation rate go below the threshold of acceptability, the
institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed analysis of the
respective cohort with the graduation rate lower than 76%. This would include a root-cause
analysis of the respective program(s). Using the data from the analysis, the institution will
identify key areas for improvement such as possible student groups or degree programs in
which students are not graduating and instruct the Colleges responsible for the respective
programs to present an action plan for improvement. The College will also review outcomes
assessment data for those cohort years and identified programs to determine possible
improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis would also include review of
internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have an adverse effect on
graduation rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution will focus on
implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing student
achievement measures.

#2) Maximum-time graduation rates

As the on-time graduation data does not differentiate between students that never finished the program and students that graduated from the selected program later, but within the allowed timeframe, LU tries to identify the percentage of students that actually did achieve their degree.
Larkin University identified its maximum-time graduate rates as students earning a degree within five years in the PharmD program or within 18 months within the MBS program of initial enrollment. To calculate this metric, a graduation cohort of students must be defined: The 2016 graduation cohort includes all students that enrolled in the MBS program in 2016 and were supposed to graduate in 2017, but might have done so either in 2017 or 2018, and the Pharmacy students that enrolled in the program in Fall 2016 and either graduated in 2019 or in 2020.

The threshold of acceptability for this measure is 80%, for the whole University and 75% for the specific ethnic groups. This thresholds of concern have been identified by LU Administration taking into account literature research published for health professions and individual ethnic groups.
Should the University on-time graduation rate go below the threshold of acceptability, the institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed analysis of the respective cohort with the graduation rate lower than 80%. This would include a root-cause analysis of the respective program(s). Using the data from the analysis, the institution will identify key areas for improvement such as possible student groups or degree programs in which students are not graduating and instruct the Colleges responsible for the respective programs to present an action plan for improvement. The College will also review outcomes assessment data for those cohort years and identified programs to determine possible improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis would also include review of internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have an adverse effect on graduation rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution will focus on implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing student achievement measures. So far the University never got close to this threshold of concern.

#3) Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates

Fall-to-Fall retention rates are calculated for the College of Pharmacy only, as the College of
Biomedical Sciences only has a one-year program. For programmatic accreditation in
Pharmacy Larkin University determines the basis for meeting enrollment and retention
goals by using the definitions as determined by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy
Education’s (ACPE) guidlines which state that the thresholds of concern are identified as,
“the number of academic dismissals is greater than or equal to six percent of the
matriculating class size. The number of students withdrawing from the program is greater
than or equal to six percent of the matriculating class size. The number of students with a
delayed graduation is greater than or equal to fifteen percent of the matriculating class size.
The total attrition related to on-time graduation is greater than or equal to twenty four
percent of the matriculating class size. For this purpose, attrition is the total number of
students who did not graduate on time for any reason, including delayed graduation,
academic dismissal, or withdrawal from the program.”

Progression of students in the Doctor of Pharmacy program has improved each year since
2019 and currently indicates that there are no areas which meet the threshold of concern as
noted by ACPE.

Fall-to-Fall retention rates for Larkin University have a determined threshold of
acceptability of 85%, which has been identified by LU Administration as a number that a)
allows the College of Pharmacy to meet the criteria for reporting as required for
programmatic accreditation and b) account for variance in the respective academic years.

Should COP Fall-to-Fall Retention Rate fall below the threshold of acceptability, the
institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed a root-cause
analysis of the cohort. Using the data from the analysis, the institution will identify key areas
for improvement. COP would also also review outcomes assessment data for those cohort
years and determine possible improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis will
also include review of internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have
an adverse effect on retention rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution
will focus on implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing
student achievement measures. Since there is a one-year delay in measuring Fall-to-Fall
Retention Rates, this process would continue until the PharmD program has two
consecutive cohorts with Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates above 85%.

#4. & #5. Enrollment and Diversity of Student Body

Larkin University supports the educational needs of a diverse student body and is proud that our student body diversity reflects the vibrancy of South Florida. Pursuing their education at LU provides our students with many opportunities to learn within a community of people from a variety of backgrounds and experiences. The identified measures of student achievement support the University’s focus of preparing students to enter the pharmacy profession, join health sciences related industrial or academic research or to continue their education to become a health professional. Although the metrics the University uses in measuring student achievement are institutional level metrics, the University is committed to the success of all of its students and assesses aggregated data as well as disaggregated data by program, ethnicity, or gender.

Larkin University considers as optimal if none of the identified ethic groups/races would have more than 60% with a threshold of acceptability for this measure of 70%. Should one group go above the threshold of acceptability, the President’s Council will gather with Admissions, the Dean’s council and Marketing to do a root-cause analysis and re-asses the recruitment plan and the public-relations strategy of the University. In the next step the University would implement data-driven changes in the recruitment and public relations strategy. The picture below shows the current student demographics:

These key pieces of student demographic data inform the University student achievement measures, thresholds of acceptability, and achievement goals.
In addition to student demographics, Larkin University determined enrollment goals for its colleges based on strategic planning including budget forecasting, campus and facilities development, hiring strategy and faculty/student ratio.

Larkin University determined enrollment goals for its
colleges based on strategic planning including budget forecasting, campus and facilities
development, hiring strategy and faculty/student ratio.

#6) Placement

Placement data for the Larkin University College of Biomedical Sciences
MBS Placement Data: 
A key component of student achievement within the MBS program is following graduation, for students to be employed in a healthcare field and/or be prepared to apply to a health professions school. The monitoring of graduation rates of the MBS program as well as the placement outcomes serves as a benchmark to determine the success of the program. The Florida Department of Education requires a 60% placement rate for program graduates and its Commission of Independent Education reports an an average of 75% for the last three year, which has been identified by LU as the threshold of concern for the programs offered at LU. The  COBS Graduation Placement data  utilized, records the number of graduates for each year since 2017. The data points on the chart capture the number of students who are accepted into health professions school, employed in a healthcare field, employed in a research field or are in the process of applying to health professions school.  The program has graduated 27 students since 2017. As of October 2020, 15% of the graduates are currently in health professions school, 31% are currently working in healthcare, 15% are currently working in research and 26% are in the application cycle for health professions school. Based upon this data, the MBS program has a 93% placement rate, which we are very proud to have achieved together with our students.  We are carefully monitoring the placement rate of students who have graduated in 2020 during the pandemic of COVID-19.  As a result of the pandemic, testing sites were closed for more than 6 months. Eligible applicants were not able to take the required entrance exams such as the MCAT, GRE, or DAT. This prohibited students from having complete application files and may postpone their consideration as candidates for admission. Some medical and dental schools are being flexible in regards to this requirement, but we continue to closely monitor and advise our students during this pandemic. The COBS Graduation Placement Data  is provided for review.

Placement data for the Larkin University College of Pharmacy
DOP Placement Data: The LU COP graduated the first class of 52 students in May 2019 with a placement rate of 73.0%. From the class, 31 graduates (59.6%) have successfully passed their pharmacy board examination and are currently working as licensed pharmacists, two (2) graduates (3.8%) are working outside of the pharmacy field, five (5) graduates (9.6%) are enrolled in post graduate education, and the remaining 14 graduates (27.0%) are unemployed, unlicensed, or lost to follow-up. LU is proud of the success achieved by students in our first class.In May 2020, the LU COP had 72 students in the second graduating class with a placement rate of 76.4%. The LU COP graduating class of 2020 has had challenges due to the COVID as some students opted not to work during this period due to potential health risks to themselves or direct family members. However, 49 graduates (68.1%) have successfully passed their pharmacy board examination and are currently working as licensed pharmacists, five (5) graduates (6.9%) are working outside of the pharmacy field, one (1) graduate (1.4%) is enrolled in post graduate education, and the remaining 17 graduates (23.6%) are unemployed, unlicensed, or lost to follow-up. The Larkin University aggregated COP placement data following graduation is 75.0%. With an 11.6% year-over-year increase in overall employment rate, we are excited for the future of the students and proud of their achievement.

 
 
 
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