Student Achievement

Metrics to Document Student Achievement

Larkin University identifies, evaluates, and publishes goals and outcomes for student achievement, appropriate to the University mission, the nature of the students it serves, and the kinds of programs offered. The University  has identified six measures to document student success. The six measures are:

1) Enrollment
2) Diversity of student body
3) On-time graduation rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
4) Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
5) Maximum-time graduation rates disaggregated by Ethnicity and Gender
6) Placement

Larkin University publishes its student achievement measures, thresholds of accountability, achievement goals, and performance on its website
www.ularkin.org. This information is publicly available and updated annually.

#1. & #2. Enrollment and Diversity of Student Body

Larkin University supports the educational needs of a diverse student body and is proud that our student body diversity reflects the vibrancy of the South Florida area. Pursuing their education at LU provides our students with many opportunities to learn within a community of people from a variety of backgrounds and experiences. The identified measures of student achievement support the University’s focus of preparing students to enter the pharmacy profession, join health sciences related industrial or academic research or to continue their education to become a health professional. The picture below shows the current student demographics and enrollment:

Larkin University considers as optimal if none of the identified ethic groups/races would
have more than 60% with a threshold of acceptability for this measure of 70%. Should one
group go above the threshold of acceptability, the President’s Council will gather with
Admissions, the Dean’s council and Marketing to do a root-cause analysis and re-asses the
recruitment plan and the public-relation strategy of the University. In the next step the
University would implement data-driven changes in the recruitment and public relations
strategy.

Larkin University determined enrollment goals for its
colleges based on strategic planning including budget forecasting, campus and facilities
development, hiring strategy and faculty/student ratio.

Enrollment Goals for the current accreditation period:
-For the College of Biomedical Sciences and its MBS program the threshold of acceptability
for this measure is 10 students, 10-15 students are considered appropriate and >15 being
considered overachieving.
-For the College of Pharmacy and its PharmD program the threshold of acceptability for
this measure is 50 students/class, with 50-60 students/class considered appropriate and
>60/class being considered overachieving . The program is a three-years program and thus
a minimum of 150 enrolled students would be considered acceptable in this period.

#3. On-time graduation rate

The on-time graduation rate is calculated taking into account all students that were supposed to graduate in the specific academic year at the time they enrolled at LU.
This means the percentage of students that did not graduate on time could have either left the program earlier for personal reasons, have been dismissed from the program or might be still continuing the program aiming for graduation in the program specific maximum allowed time.

The threshold of acceptability for this measure is 76% for LU as a whole and 55% for the
individual ethnicity groups. This thresholds of concern have been identified by LU
Administration taking into account literature research published for health professions and
individual ethnic groups and the criteria set forth by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Hereby LU takes into account the demographics of its student population and results from peer institutions.

Should the University on-time graduation rate go below the threshold of acceptability, the
institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed analysis of the
respective cohort with the graduation rate lower than 76%. This would include a root-cause
analysis of the respective program(s). Using the data from the analysis, the institution will
identify key areas for improvement such as possible student groups or degree programs in
which students are not graduating and instruct the Colleges responsible for the respective
programs to present an action plan for improvement. The College will also review outcomes
assessment data for those cohort years and identified programs to determine possible
improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis would also include review of
internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have an adverse effect on
graduation rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution will focus on
implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing student
achievement measures. On-time graduation in COBS dropped to 50% in 2018/2019. At this
time only 6 students were initially enrolled. 2 students left the program and one student did
not graduate on-time but deferred to the next year. In this year the University hired a new
dean and the College has taken major steps to increase enrollment and retain students.
COP has graduated two classes, in the first year the University was just below the threshold
and the College has followed the procedure and taken steps to improve this measure and
succeeded in the following year to be well above the threshold of concern.

#4) Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates

Fall-to-Fall retention rates are calculated for the College of Pharmacy only, as the College of
Biomedical Sciences only has a one-year program. For programmatic accreditation in
Pharmacy Larkin University determines the basis for meeting enrollment and retention
goals by using the definitions as determined by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy
Education’s (ACPE) guidlines which state that the thresholds of concern are identified as,
“the number of academic dismissals is greater than or equal to six percent of the
matriculating class size. The number of students withdrawing from the program is greater
than or equal to six percent of the matriculating class size. The number of students with a
delayed graduation is greater than or equal to fifteen percent of the matriculating class size.
The total attrition related to on-time graduation is greater than or equal to twenty four
percent of the matriculating class size. For this purpose, attrition is the total number of
students who did not graduate on time for any reason, including delayed graduation,
academic dismissal, or withdrawal from the program.”

Progression of students in the Doctor of Pharmacy program has improved each year since
2019 and currently indicates that there are no areas which meet the threshold of concern as
noted by ACPE.

Fall-to-Fall retention rates for Larkin University have a determined threshold of
acceptability of 85%, which has been identified by LU Administration as a number that a)
allows the College of Pharmacy to meet the criteria for reporting as required for
programmatic accreditation and b) account for variance in the respective academic years.

Should COP Fall-to-Fall Retention Rate fall below the threshold of acceptability, the
institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed a root-cause
analysis of the cohort. Using the data from the analysis, the institution will identify key areas
for improvement. COP would also also review outcomes assessment data for those cohort
years and determine possible improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis will
also include review of internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have
an adverse effect on retention rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution
will focus on implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing
student achievement measures. Since there is a one-year delay in measuring Fall-to-Fall
Retention Rates, this process would continue until the PharmD program has two
consecutive cohorts with Fall-to-Fall Retention Rates above 85%.

#5) Maximum-time graduation rates

As the on-time graduation data does not differentiate between students that never finished
the program and students that graduated from the selected program later, but within the
allowed timeframe, LU tries to identify the percentage of students that actually did achieve
their degree. Larkin University identified its maximum-time graduate rates as students
earning a degree within five years in the PharmD program or within 18 months within the
MBS program of initial enrollment. To calculate this metric, a graduation cohort of students
must be defined: The 2019 graduation cohort includes all students that enrolled in the MBS
program in 2018 and were supposed to graduate in 2019, but might have done so either in
2019 or 2020, and the Pharmacy students that enrolled in the program in Fall 2016 and
either graduated in 2019 or in 2020.

The threshold of acceptability for this measure is 80%, for the whole University and 75% for
the specific ethnic groups. This thresholds of concern have been identified by LU
Administration taking into account literature research published for health professions and
individual ethnic groups and the criteria set forth by Accreditation Council for Pharmacy
Education for doctoral programs in Pharmacy.
Should the University on-time graduation rate go below the threshold of acceptability, the
institution will first gather and analyze information by conducting a detailed analysis of the
respective cohort with the graduation rate lower than 80%. This would include a root-cause
analysis of the respective program(s). Using the data from the analysis, the institution will
identify key areas for improvement such as possible student groups or degree programs in
which students are not graduating and instruct the Colleges responsible for the respective
programs to present an action plan for improvement. The College will also review outcomes
assessment data for those cohort years and identified programs to determine possible
improvements in student learning outcomes. This analysis would also include review of
internal policies, processes, and suggested pathways that may have an adverse effect on
graduation rates. Based on the findings of the analysis, the institution will focus on
implementing and measuring institutional changes aimed at increasing student
achievement measures. COP so far only graduated two classes, so far the University never
got close to this threshold of concern.

#6) Placement

The threshold of acceptability for this measure is 75%, and has been identified by LU
Administration based on the average placement rates for the last three years thresholds for
degree-granting programs as reported by the Commission of Independent Education,
Florida Department of Education.
Placement data into jobs, residency programs, or continuing health career education is
gathered by the respective college Dean or their designee.

The utilized COBS Graduation Placement Data records the number of graduates for each year since 2017.
The program has graduated 27 students since 2017. As of October 2020,
15% of the graduates are currently in health professions school, 31% are currently working
in healthcare, 15% are currently working in research and 26% are in the application cycle for
health professions school. Based upon this data, the MBS program has a 93% placement
rate, which we are very proud to have achieved together with our students. We are carefully
monitoring the placement rate of students who have graduated in 2020 during the
pandemic of COVID-19.

The LU COP graduated the first class of 52 students in May 2019 with a placement rate of
73.0%. From the class, 31 graduates (59.6%) have successfully passed their pharmacy board
examination and are currently working as licensed pharmacists, two (2) graduates (3.8%) are
working outside of the pharmacy field, five (5) graduates (9.6%) are enrolled in post
graduate education, and the remaining 14 graduates (27.0%) are unemployed, unlicensed,
or lost to follow-up. LU is proud of the success achieved by students in our first class.
In May 2020, the LU COP had 72 students in the second graduating class with a placement
rate of 76.4%. The LU COP graduating class of 2020 has had challenges due to the COVID
as some students opted not to work during this period due to potential health risks to
themselves or direct family members. However, 49 graduates (68.1%) have successfully
passed their pharmacy board examination and are currently working as licensed
pharmacists, five (5) graduates (6.9%) are working outside of the pharmacy field, one (1)
graduate (1.4%) is enrolled in post graduate education, and the remaining 17 graduates
(23.6%) are unemployed, unlicensed, or lost to follow-up. The Larkin University aggregated
COP placement data following graduation is 75.0%. With an 11.6% year-over-year increase
in overall employment rate, we are excited for the future of the students and proud of their
achievement.

 
 
 
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